Ulcus Cruris, also known as venous leg ulcers, are a type of wound that occur on the lower legs, usually on the inside of the ankle or just above the heel. These types of wounds are caused by chronic venous insufficiency, which is a condition in which the veins in the legs have difficulty pumping blood back to the heart.
Symptoms of Ulcus Cruris
- The skin around the wound is red or discolored
- The wound is shallow or deep, and may be painful
- The wound may produce a bad odor
- The wound may be surrounded by hard, callused skin
- The wound may be slow to heal
- Swelling in the affected leg
- Age: Ulcus Cruris is more common in older adults
- Varicose veins
- Family history of venous disease
- Prolonged standing or sitting
- History of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
A doctor or wound care specialist will make a diagnosis of Ulcus Cruris by performing a physical examination of the wound and taking a patient’s medical history. They may also order tests such as an ultrasound or duplex scan to assess the blood flow in the legs.
- Treatment for Ulcus Cruris typically involves a combination of wound care, compression therapy and addressing the underlying causes.
- Wound care: The wound should be kept clean and covered with a sterile dressing to protect it from infection. If the wound is infected, antibiotics may be prescribed.
- Compression therapy: Compression stockings or bandages are used to help improve circulation and reduce swelling.
- Addressing underlying causes: This may include treating varicose veins, managing blood pressure, and addressing any other underlying medical conditions that may be contributing to the development of Ulcus Cruris.
- Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or remove the damaged veins.
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Exercising regularly
- Wearing compression stockings
- Elevating the legs when sitting or lying down
- Avoiding prolonged standing or sitting
It’s important to note that Ulcus Cruris can take several weeks or even months to heal and they may recur if the underlying cause is not addressed. Close monitoring by a doctor or wound care specialist is necessary to ensure proper healing and to prevent complications.
If you suspect that you have Ulcus Cruris, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. With proper treatment, the wound will heal and the risk of complications can be reduced.